The Landscape

Penicuik House stands within some 500 hectares of Designed Landscape, established in the early 1700s by Sir John Clerk, 2nd Baronet of Penicuik – a great product of its time and a noteworthy aspect of the culture of the Scottish Enlightenment.

The Designed Landscape at Penicuik represents the transition from Baroque regularity to a more naturalistic treatment of the landscape and was, at the time, a trend-setting interpretation which delighted and impressed the many visitors to the Estate, including the poet Allan Ramsay whose death in 1758 was commemorated by Sir John’s son, Sir James Clerk, with the Ramsay Monument, one of the key built structures within the Designed Landscape.

iconA trend-setting interpretation which delighted and impressed the many visitors to the Estate